Most of us say that education is the key to success, others say that education is power, but the reality is; no matter how important education is, some children still lack access to this crucial part of life. We would expect that each and every child around the world gains access to education since it plays a great role in shaping their lives. However, no matter how much a child may be willing to get educated, various constraints hinder them from the best education they are entitled. Ranging from factors like their social status to things like the environment in which they grow up in, children may find themselves hindered from quality education. Covered below are some common barriers that limit access to education.
1. Lack of fees to pay for education
Access to free primary education has been made a right to everyone by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights(UDHR), so that lack of money and poverty won’t be a hindrance to education. Many developing countries have been applying this tactic which has seen many children accessing education at least for the basic level. However, some families still live in extreme poverty. Hence, the failure to afford all school requirements which lead to the children remaining back at home. In developing countries, some provide theoretically free education such that parents still have to pay some money to support in school activities. The fact that many households are remarkably poor makes their children stay at home so as to help in household chores while others are learning.
2. Inexperienced or few teachers
The underlying factor that each and every child needs to set a good foundation for their education is access to an experienced teacher who will facilitate effective learning of the basics of education. That way, children will enjoy their studies and get interested to know more about what they are studying. However, many countries have been facing the challenge of inadequate teachers, such that the ratio of one teacher to the number of children is inappropriate. Also, there are those teachers that do not meet the required national standards of training, such that the quality of education that they offer to their pupils does not help them acquire the core competencies and knowledge efficiently.
3. Lack of a classroom
A classroom is a basic requirement for a decent education because no one would enjoy learning under a tree. In many of the developing nations, lack of classrooms has been a challenge such that many of the children find themselves in open air classrooms, maybe under a tree or in a public place. As such, they may get distracted by the slightest occurrence such as planes, birds, and even passers-by. Lacking a classroom may also suggest that some other essential facilities are also lacking, such as toilets and lack of water. These factors put together discourage many students from attending school as they find the situations inappropriate for practical learning.
4. Shortage or lack of teaching materials
There is no way whatsoever you could expect to take a child to a school without learning materials. Even with the presence of teachers, learning cannot be favorable when they cannot access these materials to help in preparation and guidance of lessons. However, many pupils lack access to workbooks and texts which make the learning process a challenge to effectively take place. Therefore, this leads to distractions in classes as students try to gather around a single book hence a lesson lasting for an extended period before covering the scheduled topics. Such cases are common in countries lagging behind in development, hence a paralysis of education.
Despite the frequent confession that disability is not inability, many of the people in the society view disabled persons as being disadvantaged, and therefore they are denied some of their rights. Some disabled pupils fail to access basic education as they are expected to be enrolled in special schools for persons with disabilities which may be inaccessible. When attending schools with children with no disability, they face a lot of humiliation since they are not in a position to live in the usual way and interact with others openly.
6. Gender-based discrimination
The girl child has faced discrimination for a long time, as many believe that empowering a girl with education is simply a waste of resources. For the low-income families, especially those with a strong sense of traditional culture view that girls should be left at home while boys attend school because many believe that the female gender is of less value. As such, female pupils have been lagging behind in attaining the necessary education which has led to the need to come up with ways to combat this issue so that there is equality for both genders.
7. Education in a country with conflict
Conflicts have been a bother in many developing countries, with one of the main sectors that are affected being the education sector. No single teacher or pupil can learn at peace when there lacks peace in the region. Students and teachers may fail to leave their houses due to the fear of their safety. Some teachers also give up on their jobs in search of a safer place, while children are withdrawn from school. As a result, children from such locations may even resolve to join terror groups as it is the only hope they have in supporting themselves economically.
In conclusion, it should be within any nation’s objectives to provide quality education to all pupils no matter their status in the society. Each government should come up with educational systems that will fight the barriers that hinder good education. In that way, a nation can achieve much since many of the development aspects are connected directly to educational empowerment.